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Sources of information: print

The following references may be helpful to editors and authors.


Morton Benson, Evelyn Benson and Robert Ilson, The BBI Dictionary of English Word Combinations, revised edition (Philadelphia, John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1997).

The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition (Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 2017).

Collins Cobuild English Language Dictionary, 2nd edition (London, HarperCollins Publishers, 1995).

Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 12th edition (New York, Oxford University Press, 2011).

Note: The twelfth edition is the current authority for spelling in the United Nations.

Fowler’s Modern English Usage , R.W. Burchfield, editor, revised 3rd edition (New York, Oxford University Press, 2004).

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage (Springfield, Massachusetts, Merriam-Webster, Inc., 1994).

Eric Partridge, Usage and Abusage: A Guide to Good English, Janet Whitcut, editor (New York, W.W. Norton and Company, 1997).

Marjorie E. Skillin and Robert M. Gay, Words into Type (Pearson PTP, 1974).

William Strunk, Jr., E.B. White and Roger Angell, The Elements of Style, 4th edition (New York, Pearson Higher Education, 2000).

Janice R. Walker and Todd Taylor, The Columbia Guide to Online Style (New York, Columbia University Press, 1998).


J-P Colin, Dictionnaire des difficultés du français (Paris, Dictionnaires Le Robert, 1999).

Michel De Toro, Dictionnaire des difficultés de la langue française (Paris, Les Editions Larousse, 2001).

Grand dictionnaire Larousse espagnol-français/français-espagnol (Paris, Les Editions Larousse, 1998).

Maurice Grevisse, Le Bon Usage, 13th edition, revised by André Gosse (Paris and Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, DeBoeck-Duculot, 1993–1997).

Le Petit Robert, vols. I and II, A. Rey and J. Rey-Debove, editors (Paris, Dictionnaires Le Robert, 1990).

Le Petit Robert, CD-ROM (Paris, Dictionnaires Le Robert, 2003).

Le Robert & Collins Super Senior, français-anglais/anglais-français, in two volumes (Paris, Dictionnaires Le Robert, 1995).

Lexique des règles typographiques en usage à l'Imprimerie nationale (Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 2002).

Traitement des textes français à l'ONU, usage et règles (United Nations publication, ST/DCS/5, 1998).

Manuel de rédaction et d'édition de l'Organisation des Nations Unies, parties I à III (United Nations, ST/DCS/5, 1984).


Diccionario de la lengua española, 22nd edition, vols. I and II (Madrid, Real Academia Española, 2001).

HarperCollins Spanish Unabridged Dictionary, 10th edition (New York, HarperCollins Publishers, 2016).

David W. Foster, Daniel Altamiranda and Carmen de Urioste, The Writer's Reference Guide to Spanish (Austin, University of Texas Press, 1999).

Pequeño Larousse Ilustrado (Paris, Mexico, D.F., 2004; revised annually).



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