United Nations logo

United Nations Editorial Manual Online

 
 

Footnotes and other references

Contents

   I.   Introduction

  II.   General instructions on footnotes and text notes
        A.   When to use footnotes and text notes
        B.   Placement of footnotes
        C.   Excessive referencing
        D.   Electronic sources
        E.   Points of style

 III.   United Nations sources
        A.   Masthead documents
        B.   Reports issued as supplements to the Official Records
        C.   Sales publications
        D.   Reports of conferences
        E.   Resolutions and decisions
        F.   Statements and oral reports made before a United Nations body
        G.   Instruments in the Treaty Series
        H.   Advisory opinions, judgments and orders of the International Court of Justice
        I.    Conference room papers
        J.   Restricted documents
        K.   Material on the website of an office or department    

 IV.   Outside sources
        A.   Documents of other organizations
        B.   Books and publications
        C.   Publishing data: special issues
        D.   Government publications
        E.   Laws
        F.   Working papers and research reports in a published series
        G.   Articles and chapters in a book or publication
        H.   Articles in a periodical
        I.     Articles in a newspaper
        J.    Articles on a website
        K.   Unpublished papers and dissertations
        L.   Databases
        M.  Public statements
        N.   Interviews
        O.   Personal communications

   V.   Repeated references
         A.   Repeated footnote indicators
         B.   Use of ibid.
         C.   Shortened references
         D.   Repeated footnotes in tables and figures

  VI.   Permission footnotes

 VII.   Explanatory footnotes      
         A.   Content
         B.   Notes to explanatory footnotes
         C.   Supplementary sources of information

VIII.   Cross references

  IX.   Footnote indicators
         A.   Types of indicators
         B.   Placement of indicators in the text
         C.   Numbered footnotes
         D.   Footnotes indicated by lower-case letters
         E.   Footnotes indicated by asterisks and other symbols

   X.   Reference lists and bibliographies      
         A.   Author-date system
         B.   Keyed references
         C.   General bibliographies and lists of sources

 

 
     
   
 


United Nations Editorial Manual Online
© 2004-2017 (New York). Prepared and maintained for the United Nations under the authority of the Chief of the Editorial Service, Department for General Assembly and Conference Management. Mention of the names of firms and commercial products does not imply the endorsement of the United Nations. For technical or editorial enquiries, please contact the Webmaster at enriquezf@un.org.